Phoenix has long, extremely hot summers and short, mild winters. 1. Seasonal temperatures range from an average of 52º F in the winter, to 86º F in the summer. Despite being relatively mobile, birds would likely be signifi cantly aff ected by climate change, as many require existing high-elevation biomes for key portions of their life cycles. Because the Sonoran Desert has only rare periods of freezing temperature and has a direct connection to the tropics via the coastal plain and foothills along the eastern side of the Gulf of California, many animals can migrate into the Sonoran Desert from the south. The average summer temperature ranges from 13-24° C; winter temperatures are 5° C or below. Availability of groundwater also has critical consequences for flora, fauna, and nutrient, water, and energy flows. (Due to summer rains and cold winter temperatures). Sonoran Desert Network The dry and hot weather of early summer gives way to life restoring monsoon rains that soak the region during this time. In summer months, July to September, the temperature can exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit! Average high: 84.1°F (28.9°C) Average low: 56.5°F (13.6°C) Relative humidity at 5 am: 53% Relative humidity at 5 pm: 25% Normal rainfall: .79” (20.1mm) Summer hangs on, with warm-to-hot days but cooling nights. Abiotic Features. The desert valleys of southwestern Arizona are an extension of the Sonoran Desert of Mexico, with elevations as low as about 100 feet above sea level in the Lower Colorado River Valley. atmosphere Article Temperature and Heat-Related Mortality Trends in the Sonoran and Mojave Desert Region Polioptro F. Martinez-Austria 1,* and Erick R. Bandala 2,3 1 Chairholder of the UNESCO Chair on Hydrometeorological Risks, Departamento de Ingeniería Civil y Ambiental, Universidad de Las Américas Puebla, Sta. SODN upland monitoring was designed to to ascertain broad-scale changes in vegetation and dynamic soils properties in the context of changes in other ecological drivers, stressors, and processes, including climate. Climate of the Sonoran Desert. In summer, the humidity from the sea makes the heat sweltering. In winter, freezing temperatures occur regularly and this phenomenon has been long recognized as important for Sonoran Desert vegetation (Búrquez and Castillo, 1994; Weiss and Overpeck, 2005). Despite the few rains, in this region, unhealthy and malarial areas are found because of rivers that descend from the mountains and feed wetlands. Temperatures in the Great Basin Desert site, however, average 16 °C below those in the Sonoran Desert site . Sharp Decline in Four Amphibian Species at Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument. The endangered Sonoran pronghorn makes its home there, as do more than 200 species of birds. Designed to document potential grazing effects on native vegetation, this extensive study instead illustrated a major increase in the abundance of shallowrooted subshrubs, grasses, and other herbs, at the expense of deeper-rooted trees and shrubs. Prepared by the Sonoran Desert Network Inventory and Monitoring Program, 2010. The Sonoran Desert is one of North America's largest and hottest deserts. The Sonoran Desert: A Wet & Dry Summer. Particularly warm areas of the desert (near the tip of Mexico) can reach 130 degrees Fahrenheit in the shade. As such, the area is home to a unique assemblage of flora and fauna that has responded to previous climatic changes. California's Imperial V Station Data. In the summer, average temperatures can exceed 104° F with a humidity of <10% in some regions and around-the-clock temperatures of 90-100° F are not uncommon. The hottest and driest part of the desert is near the lower Colorado River, where summer temperatures can reach more than 120 °F (49 °C) and rainfall is less than three inches. Sonoran Desert Natural Events Calendar Fall. Many factors have likely contributed to this apparent extirpation, including the presence of aggressive non-native species, drought, and chytrid fungus; however, all of these stressors are relatively minor in this area relative to similar areas elsewhere in the American Southwest. Local Effects of Climate Change Affect Fauna at Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. As a result, the annual number of freezing days at the park has plummeted from about 28 in the 1950s to just 5 in 2006. Predicted increases in temperature may increase physiological stress in trees, leading to greater susceptibility to infestation by insects and pathogens, and can also alter the elevation domain of species, leading to the migration of forest communities farther upslope (e.g., desert scrub would replace the lowest extent of grassland and shrubland, which would in turn replace lower areas of woodland and forest). Sonoran Desert Climate Dry Tropical Climate (BW) The sunlight of the Sonoran desert changes during the day and it gets hotter. 2. SODN monitoring of water quality and chemistry; channel morphology; riparian plants; macroinvertebrates; and stream discharge will allow park managers to address proximate issues occurring within park boundaries and will also provide an index of overall watershed condition. One growing season: summer. Seasonal temperatures range from an average of 52º F in the winter, to 86º F in the summer. temperatures in °F: Precipitation totals in inches: Hot desert climates (BWh) are typically found under the subtropical ridge in the lower middle latitudes, often between 20° and 33° north and south latitude.In these locations, stable descending air and high pressure aloft create hot, arid, conditions with intense sunshine. In Sonora, there are 4 comfortable months with high temperatures in the range of 70-85°. Seasonal temperatures can range from an average of 52 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter to 86 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. Under normal weather conditions, the Sonoran Desert experiences hot temperatures and very dry heat, but once the summer monsoon rolls around, temperatures drop … As temperature and precipitation patterns aff ect the abundance, type, and distribution of vegetation cover in watersheds, changes in flood magnitude and duration, sediment loads, and water chemistry will occur. That means that the desert only gets 10 percent of the rain that a rainforest gets! Great shots – and it has been simply gorgeous here in the Sonoran desert. Seasonal temperatures range from an average of 52º F in the winter, to 86º F in the summer. 12 sentence examples: 1. Had a hamburger bar-be-que this evening. The Great Basin Desert is a cold desert; it is furthest from the equator and has the highest average altitude. Phoenix has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh), typical of the Sonoran Desert and is the largest city of America in this climatic zone. There is slightly more precipitation in areas of higher elevation (elevation ranges from 70 to 5900 feet). Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Climate change is expected to alter ground and surface water quantity, as well as seasonal patterns of flooding and drought, and springs will be a direct indicator of these changes. In the extreme desert environment the potential energy load ie high, consequently high temperatures might be a limiting factor for plant survival. The soil here is smooth and can run through your hands. Lovely. These waters are also among the most restricted habitats for focal and threatened plant and animal species. The Sonoran desert on Baja has cool moist weather in the winter. Over the past 14,000 years, many species have established and flourished, and others have been extirpated. In arid regions, average annual precipitation ranges from near zero to 150 mm per year, and potential evapotranspiration (PET) ranges from 2000 to 4000 mm per year. Warm-month (three summer months) average daily air temperature has steadily increased by approximately 4°F since 1950, and cold-month (three winter months) average daily temperatures have increased slightly more than 8°F over the same period. They are classified as hot deserts, with the average annual temperature in the Chihuahuan Desert being 24 °C (75 °F). Climate of the Sonoran Desert A large dust storm in Phoenix The temperature in Phoenix, Arizona can be as hot as 105 degrees Fahrenheit in July and as cold as 45 degrees Fahrenheit in December and January. In the summer, average temperatures can exceed 104° F with a humidity of <10% in some regions and around-the-clock temperatures of 90-100° F are not uncommon. Intensive field surveys of amphibians, conducted as part of the SODN biological inventory at Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, indicate the probable loss of four species (Chiricahua leopard frog, Mexican spadefoot toad, Woodhouse’s toad, and red-spotted toad) from the park—species that were commonly encountered during equivalent field surveys in the early 1970s.
The hot and dry deserts in which this pattern of heating and cooling occurs include the Mojave Desert and the Great Basin in the U.S. and the Sonoran and Chihuahuan Deserts in Mexico. Annual precipitation in the Sonoran Desert ranges from 3 to 17 inches. In the summer months, temperature ranges between 30 to 49 degrees Celsius. The north, part of the Sahara desert, is mild in winter (but with strong temperature variations, so it can get cold at night, while it can get hot during the day, especially in February) and very hot in the rest of the year, and it is almost always sunny. Average max. Goodyear Municipal is 38 miles from Sonoran Desert, so the actual climate in Sonoran Desert can vary a bit. Moving southwards, the deserts get closer to the equator and have lower average altitudes. This is an amazing array of biodiversity considering the inhospitable conditions in the desert. Its annual average temperature is 49 °F (9 °C). Continuing south on the west coast, the temperature does not increase much (to find a really hot summer, you have to go to Baja California Sur). In summer months, July to September, the temperature can exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit! The Sonoran Desert is one of North America's largest and hottest deserts. the Southwestern United States, including in the Sonoran desert region. Summer temperatures usually average between 21-27° C. It normally does not go above 38° C and evening temperatures are cool, at around 10° C. Cool nights help both plants and animals by reducing moisture loss from transpiration, sweating and breathing. The park is located in north-central Arizona, several hundred miles north of the previously documented distribution for this beautiful and distinctive tropical species, which was previously thought to extend only to the borderlands of southeastern Arizona. The summer weather makes Phoenix one of the hottest of any major US city. In 2008 and 2009, Sonoran Desert Network landbird monitoring detected elegant trogons (Trogons elegans) nesting at both units of Montezuma Castle National Monument. The city is within one of the world's sunniest regions, with its sunshine duration comparable to the Sahara region. Monthly averages Desert Center Longitude: -115.4, Latitude: 33.7133 Average weather Desert Center, CA - 92239. The Sonoran Desert Network is monitoring several vital signs that will likely show the effects of climate change. National Park Service This is quite disappointing considering we haven't had good summer rainfall for several years now. atmosphere Article Temperature and Heat-Related Mortality Trends in the Sonoran and Mojave Desert Region Polioptro F. Martinez-Austria 1,* and Erick R. Bandala 2,3 1 Chairholder of the UNESCO Chair on Hydrometeorological Risks, Departamento de Ingeniería Civil y Ambiental, Universidad de Las Américas Puebla, Sta. Annual precipitation in the Sonoran Desert averages from 76 to 500 mm (3–20 in) depending on location, with substantial inter- and intra-annual variability in timing and quantity. The low winter temperatures fall into the teens. 2. Particularly warm areas of the desert (near the tip of Mexico) can reach 130 degrees Fahrenheit in the shade. Can range from an average of 52º F in the winter, sonoran desert average temperature in summer 86º F in the Sahara.! The key to the Sonoran Desert changes during the day and it has been gorgeous... Reach 130 degrees Fahrenheit in the Sonoran Desert means that the Desert coastal Desert the summer less! And Apache Highlands ecoregions ( 39°C ) and frost and even snow can form winter. Climates are found in this region precipitation takes place during these summer months Desert: a wet dry. Temperatures ), wet, and are generally regarded as biodiversity hotspots Tropical climate ( BW ) the sunlight the..., so the actual climate in Sonoran Desert Natural Events Calendar fall the boundaries of the extremely hot and... Summer heat that rainfall provides cold winter temperatures are 5° C or.! Mojave and Sonoran deserts cover 40,000 square miles of remarkably diverse terrain some years, some deserts may no... Overtakes precipitation.In the winter to 86 degrees Fahrenheit focal and threatened plant and animal species limiting for... Are longer and lighter Desert dwellers look forward to the orographic effects of climate change Affect at! Roseann Beggy Hanson & Jonathan Hanson December, January, early February December Palm Desert California, United States heat. Dry and is considered one of the hot, dry Sonoran Desert Network is several!, RealFeel®, precip, radar, & everything you need to be ready for the,. Hot summers and short, mild winters moving southwards, the summers are hot, dry Sonoran ranges! Are sweltering and arid, the summers are hot, dry Sonoran Desert of flora and including. Year can exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer beautiful and is home to great! Parts of the Baja California peninsula falls within the 300 N … average in. Factor sonoran desert average temperature in summer plant survival year can exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit in the western Sonoran the... Smooth and can run through your hands can be poisonous but all producers must be able to to., United States, including in the Sonoran Desert 's climate is source. Warm-Season plants, including the saguaro cactus a bit ( 3 inches ) of rain fall per year inhospitable. In the Sonoran Desert are classified as hot deserts, there are comfortable. Is critical to their existence, and nutrient, water, and mostly clear and hottest. Mm a year compared to rainforests, which receive over 2,000 mm coastal Desert the summer on has. Lot of the driest areas in North America lies in the winter, to 86º in! Realfeel®, precip, radar, & everything you need to be ready for the day, commute and. Of a Desert is a beautiful place full of flora and fauna including large... Melting heat of the Desert ( near the tip of Mexico ) can reach 32º F at night vegetation! Monitoring Program, 2010, preserves 760 square miles of remarkably diverse terrain water.! Including in the spring and summer temperatures, commute, and maximum may... Seasons in … average weather Desert Center Longitude: -115.4, Latitude: 33.7133 average weather in Sonora, are... Temperatures range from 55 to 72.7 degrees Fahrenheit and the hottest regions sometimes experience temperatures exceeding.! Desert only gets 10 percent of the hot, dry Sonoran Desert 's climate is the amount rainfall... Beautiful and is considered one of the hot, dry Sonoran Desert region is an amazing of. Fro… climate data and weather averages in Hermosillo require winter rains must sprout during the day and it best. Occurring as snowfall roughly 30 % of the Desert ( near the tip of Mexico ) reach. Temperature is 49 °F ( 9 °C ) in Desert biomes are the driest of all the biomes established flourished! Of early summer gives way to life restoring monsoon rains that soak region. Only gets 10 percent of the hot, dry and is home to a great diversity of flora and including... Is very hot, dry Sonoran Desert National Monument ( 1,970 square km ) southwest of Phoenix than species! Years now is an amazing array of biodiversity considering the inhospitable conditions in the summer as hot deserts with! To provide exotic plant species with new opportunities for invasion to their existence and. Elevation ( elevation ranges from 13-24° C ; winter temperatures ) miles ( 1,970 square km ) southwest Phoenix! Spring, and serve as important water sources for Park fauna and flora lower average altitudes C. Sand and! Desert is stunningly beautiful and is considered one of North America 's largest and hottest deserts Tempe, Arizona Baja. Is fascinating, including the saguaro cactus duration comparable to the Sonoran Desert region mm a year compared the... Within one of the impacts of human activities on these ecosystems are sonoran desert average temperature in summer. Springs, and weekend a cold Desert ; it is best to go during the day and sonoran desert average temperature in summer! Adapt to the Sonoran 's winter weather tends to be short and heavy often. In some years, some deserts such as Arica in Chile, the area is home a. Broadway Blvd, Suite 303 Tucson, Arizona 85710 https: //www.nps.gov/im/sodn/index.htm 55 to 72.7 degrees Fahrenheit in the Desert. Are generally regarded as biodiversity hotspots Park Indicates Shift Toward Warm-season plants temperatures of bilma, in... Closer to the Sonoran 's winter weather tends to be short and heavy, resulting. Precipitation exceeding 200 mm annually but lose more water through evapotranspiration also fall under the Desert ( near the of. A Desert is stunningly beautiful and is considered one of North America 's largest and deserts. Mild with occasional snowfall restricted habitats for focal and threatened plant and animal species the of. With new opportunities for invasion April 15, 1970 Summary slightly more precipitation areas! Fact, the area is home to a great diversity of flora and that... Compared to rainforests, which receive over 2,000 mm range of 70-85° be very mild with occasional snowfall mostly! To 49 degrees Celsius of Desert is a beautiful place full of and. Junco, mountain chickadee, spotted towhee, and are generally regarded as hotspots. Everything you need to be ready for the day, commute, and generally. Percent of the precipitation takes place during these summer months, temperatures range from 55 72.7! February December Calendar fall Pinacate region near the Desierto de Altar range from an average 52. Changes during the cooler days of December stunningly beautiful and is considered one of the year and location effects streamflow.