The presidential election in early 2019 of a 37-year-old populist in El Salvador and an anti-corruption crusader in Panama raised hopes that new efforts to address graft and violence were on the horizon. Summit. Nicaragua was brought to the brink of a civil war in 2018 over proposed economic reforms. In particular, the United States feared that victory by communist forces would threaten the Panama Canal and other US strategic interests. The three Central American nations, known collectively as the Northern Triangle, rank toward the bottom in each of those categories. Axel, age 2, plays at a shelter for migrant workers in Mexico. Popular unrest has done little to produce political solutions, leading many of the most vulnerable to flee. But Central American leaders are busy exploring other options. The Central American Crisis included Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and the United States. WPR has covered the Central America crisis in detail and continues to examine key questions about what will happen next there. In that context, gangs—often brought back home by deportees from the U.S.—have proliferated, and along with them the drug trade and corruption, fueling increasing lawlessness. In October 2018, multiple migrant caravans set off from Hondurans and other Central American countries—comprising about 10,000 people in total—with the intention of reaching the United States in search of asylum and a dignified life. Here’s what we’re doing to alleviate drought in Central America: Learn more about CRS’ Water Smart Agriculture in Latin America. Central American crisis was an unstable Cold War period of Central America. In addition to rampant violence, the massive migration from the three Northern Triangle countries is driven by a lack of economic opportunities and the absence of rule of law. Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador are among the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere. Will Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, having succeeded in stamping out that country’s protest movement, lose support for his failure to effectively respond to the coronavirus pandemic? And what will become of the migrants that prompted the Trump administration’s backlash? Follow and retweet @catholicRelief and @CRSNews on Twitter for the latest updates. The high levels of violence in the region, known as the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA), are comparable to that in war zones where MSF has worked for decades. With outside help, Tegucigalpa should revisit its heavy-handed security policies and enact judicial and electoral reforms to avert future upheaval. We believe young people in even the poorest, most violent neighborhoods have the power to change their lives and communities. Some experts predict this will only fuel more people to flee. In Honduras alone we feed about 52,000 students a year. Struggling with rampant violence, chronic poverty, and failed harvests due to environmental degradation and climate change, entire families have made the difficult decision to leave their homes and flee north. MSF’s direct experience on the ground points to a broader humanitarian crisis in Central America. Your FREE registration includes access to select articles, early announcements, and periodic discounts on our full-service subscription. Several countries have cut ties recently with Taiwan, sending a clear signal to Beijing that they are keen to open negotiation channels. The Central American Crisis by Kenneth M. Coleman, May 1985, Scholarly Resources edition, Hardcover in English For positive, long-term change, we need to scale up our efforts —there are more than 250,000 youth in Central America currently out of school or unemployed. Ramona, age 59, is seen at a local migrant workers shelter in Mexico. And the administrations in Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua are all facing challenges to their political legitimacy. The 2014 American immigration crisis was a surge in unaccompanied children and women from the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) seeking entrance to the United States in 2014. The 1980s, however, have witnessed an intensification of conflicts with increasing U.S. involvement. The Northern Triangle region of Central America includes the small, but strikingly violent countries of El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala (Figure 1). THE CENTRAL AMERICAN CRISIS READER. Lack of shelter and accurate information about legal options has created a crisis at the US/Mexican border. Migrants sometimes wait up to 50 to 60 days before they can even get an appointment to begin the asylum process in border towns such as Tijuana. The most visible evidence of violence is the high rate of brutal homicides, but other human rights abuses are on the rise, including the recruitment of children into gangs, extortion and sexual violence. Tens of thousands are stuck in limbo, many without safe shelter, and highly vulnerable to abuse, exploitation and contagion. Perhaps the most egregious example is in China, where the government has used facial recognition technology to racially profile Uighurs, a predominantly Muslim ethnic minority that is concentrated in Xinjiang province, and forcibly lock them up in internment camps. Now even those programs are in jeopardy under the Trump administration. A majority of the migrants we see on the news, traveling through Mexico to the US, are from Honduras, joined by large numbers from El Salvador and Guatemala. In 2014, that rate dropped to 66, but remains one of the highest for a non-war zone country. It’s important to note that most of the people crossing the border now are seeking asylum. CRS’ Water‐Smart Agriculture project is working with some 3,000 farmers in the region to revitalize agricultural production, create resilience to drought, and restore soil and water resources. The highly publicized and politically instrumentalized caravans of migrants have drawn Trump’s ire, resulting in threats to cut U.S. development aid to the region. Meanwhile, five years of recurring droughts across the Dry Corridor that runs through Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua have destroyed corn and bean harvests, the mainstay of the Central American diet. THE CENTRAL AMERICAN CRISIS 1954, to attempt to invade Cuba in 1961, and to effect counterrevolution in Nicaragua in the 1980s. Those caught crossing illegally face detention in overcrowded facilities followed by eventual deportation, along with losing the ability to ever immigrate to the US legally. During the last extreme drought of 2018, 2.2 million farmers in the Dry Corridor suffered crop losses, leaving 1.4 million people without an adequate amount of food. What is the Central American migration crisis? Violence and corruption in Central America, particularly in the Northern Triangle countries, is causing a wave of outward migration. Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean (26 October 1983 - Central American Crisis: In 1979, left-wing Sandinista forces [[WNicaraguan_Revolution|overthrew the government in Nicaragua]], with a similar revolution threatening to topple the junta in El Salvador a little over a year later. Migrant shelters along the route from Guatemala through Mexico have been in a perpetual state of emergency since the first caravan made its way to the United States in 2018. Explore WPR's extensive coverage of the Central America crisis. Central America in Crisis; Deportation and Forced Return. The Central American CrisisReader purports to be a balanced and comprehensive collection of documents for the enlightenment of the American public-- an "essential guide,' as the cover puts it, to "help you make up your mind' about "the most controversial foreign policy … With support from the Church and community volunteers, local shelters have, for years, offered migrants a place to sleep, eat and recieve medical care and other services. But these shelters were established to support migrants for short periods. But in truth, the president of Guatemala was redistributing unused land from a US-based multinational corporation, United Fruit Company, to the people of his country. Trump is using trade as an unlikely weapon in his battle to stop Central American migrants from heading to the United States.