Journal of Contemporary History Vol. Aerospace Supplying the Aerospace industry for more than 40 years, Merc Aeropsace operates to AS9100 quality standard and hold approvals from some of the biggest names in the industry including BAE Systems, Airbus and Bombardier World Top Aerospace and Defense Companies List by Market Cap as on Jan 1st, 2020 World Top Aerospace and Defense Companies List by Market Cap as Jan 1st, 2020. The current line up includes the Trent 700 for the Airbus A330, the Trent 900 for the Airbus A380, the Trent 1000 for the Boeing 787 and the Trent XWB for the Airbus A350 XWB, among others. With headquarters in … Before the First World War there were no regular air services and commercial aviation only really started in 1919 after the development of suitably sized aircraft during the First World War. There was no competition on these routes, so there was little incentive to spend money on developing new, faster and more efficient aircraft. In 1938 Neville Chamberlain flew a British Airways Ltd Lockheed 10 Electra for his meeting with Adolf Hitler.[36]. [91] In its 22-year history, it has developed satellites for 27 missions. Airbus Defence and Space (a subsidiary of Airbus) is the largest space company in Europe and employs around 2,700 people in the UK. Samlesbury is the production hub of the Military Air Solutions division of BAE Systems. VA-1X will be taken through a certification process by EASA in Europe. The A380 is the world's largest civil passenger plane in production. Safran's operations include its Messier-Dowty and Turbomeca subsidiaries. 4 (Winter 1969) pp. World Largest Aerospace and Defense Companies … thyssenkrupp Aerospace is expanding its cooperation with Dynamatic Technologies Limited (DTL). [36], The aviation industry was to benefit significantly from aeronautical research carried out in the late 1920s and the 1930s. But it was only by 1917 that production problems and procedures were sorted out such that there was a steady flow of aircraft, engines and spares. Find out how we support the aerospace sector Browse our directory for aerospace members By 1920 the British aerospace industry consisted of 28 aeroplane constructors and a dozen aero engine designers. 4. 90% of aerospace jobs are located outside London and the South East. Bolton, United Kingdom Activity: Aerospace company Unit 1003 Great Bank Road Westhoughton, Lancashire BL5 3XU United Kingdom 01928 530530. 43 No. The winning company for a tender would not necessarily be given the complete construction work, which on occasions would be spread out to other companies to ensure that they, the other companies, were able to stay in business. In Derby, the three shaft Trent engines get developed and produced. Meggitt PLC - Specialising in extreme environment components and smart sub-systems for aerospace, defence and energy markets. All flight test activity for manned aircraft is undertaken from Warton, which is also the development centre within BAE Systems, for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), UCAVs and the Saudi Tornado upgrade programme. [80][81][82], The UK-headquartered BAE Systems is the world's fourth-largest defence contractor and it employs around 36,400 people in the UK. GEC purchased EE and with it The Marconi Company and EE's shareholding in BAC, through its subsidiary EE Aircraft. In the UK, the main sites are Bristol (software and systems) Bolton (production), Stevenage (R&D and integration) and London (management). For instance, Airco looked at car manufacture and was bought by the Daimler Company parent company Birmingham Small Arms whilst Martinsyde and Sopwith briefly tried motor cycles. [19], Whilst it was the military market that really was the source of aviation development, in the years leading up to 1914 it was, in the UK, rather sporadic. [75][76] The traditional UK workshare in Airbus aircraft is around 20%. Journal of Contemporary History Vol. Current manned aircraft in which the British aerospace industry has a major role include the AgustaWestland AW101, AW159, Airbus A220 A320 family, A330, A340, A380, A400M, BAE Hawk, Boeing 767, 777, 787,[8] Bombardier CRJ700, Learjet 85, Britten-Norman Defender, Britten-Norman Islander, Eurofighter Typhoon, Hawker 800, Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II and BAE Systems Tempest. It has close to 12,000 employees and is one of the major players in the British aerospace industry. 4 (Winter 1969) p. 476, Peter Fearon 1969: The Formative Years of the British Aircraft Industry, 1913–1924 The Business History Review Vol. The Ministry of Munitions set up a Disposal Board and sold the entire surplus stock to a private company, Aircraft Disposals Company, with Frederick Handley Page as one of the key personnel. Browse the top Aerospace Defense companies in Cheltenham, England (UK). The Seapray 7000E has been selected for the AW159 Wildcat and the Seaspray 7500E has been selected by the. To reduce costs, the company (resident on the Isle of Wight) did not perform manufacture of the airframes, but instead outsourced this to Romania. Our over 90 years of aviation insurance experience enable us to develop customized aircraft insurance programs structured around the needs of our clients. Here is a list of the top aerospace engineering companies in the world, listed by their prominence with corporate logos when available. It is best known for its design of rugged transport aircraft, such as the Islander,[86] Trislander and Defender 4000. GKN Aerospace is a division of the British company GKN, which employs approximately 5,000 people, mainly in the UK and the USA. 20 No.1 p. 27, Peter Fearon 1969: The Formative Years of the British Aircraft Industry, 1913–1924 The Business History Review Vol. Cobham plc employs more than 12,000 people in the UK and elsewhere. The Air Ministry would select several prototypes and finally a choice for production would be made. Imperial Airways largely ignored European routes preferring to focus on imperial markets in Africa and India. However, once the War was over, the vast majority returned to their pre-war activities. Here, components for the Eurofighter Typhoon, the F35 Lightning II, the Hawk, UAVs, UCAVs and Airbus aircraft get built. The Air Ministry worked in the early years on the basis that there would be no war in Europe in the immediate future and that the main requirement for aircraft would be policing the colonies. 4 (Winter, 1968), David Edgerton 2013 England and the Aeroplane – Militarism, Modernity and Machines. Pages in category "Aerospace companies of the United Kingdom" The following 45 pages are in this category, out of 45 total. 4 (Winter 1969) p. 487, Peter Fearon 1969: The Formative Years of the British Aircraft Industry, 1913–1924 The Business History Review Vol. Global Aerospace is a leading provider of aircraft insurance and aviation risk management solutions. It is the … In 2013, the industry employed 84,000 people. The first task for the government at the end of the war was to dispose of their stocks of aircraft and to deal with those on order. This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 17:45. Air transport companies were established in 1919–20, several of which were subsidiaries of aircraft manufacturers, such as Handley-Page, Airco and Blackburn Aircraft. 43 No. 43 No. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Overall, Military Air Solution has 14,000 employees spread across eight sites in the United Kingdom. Marshall Aerospace - Specialising in design, development, maintenance, modification, conversion of military, civil, business and general aircraft. Imperial Airways' Handley Page aircraft were comfortable and safe but slow. In addition there were also a large number of sub-contractors, making such things as propellers, electrical equipment, instrumentation and canvas.[24]. Journal of Contemporary History Vol. [26], The aviation industry was left with the core of pre-war producers and a few companies whose interest in aviation had been aroused. The final assembly line for the British Eurofighter Typhoons, a collaborative European programme, is located at Warton. As well as aviation companies making aeroplanes there were other engineering companies also involved in making aircraft and engines (usually under licence). Roe and the Short Brothers had a training in engineering and their companies were usually privately financed. BAC comprised the aviation interests of the companies that formed it, and wholly owned Hunting Aircraft. Its aim is to prepare the UK industry for future engine programmes and from a technical perspective, its aims are a 10% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions and a 60% reduction in NO. CUSTOMERS HAVE THEIR SAY Poeton Industries Poeton Industries, are proud to have been selected as a Middlesex Aerospace prime treatment supplier, via both its UK sites, thereby allowing us to offer them secured capacity & exceptional service across a wide range of NDT and wet treatments The A350 XWB has so far achieved 564 firm orders and has its wing… Disaster Monitoring Constellation, a five satellite constellation with the first satellite being launched in 2002, to monitor disasters around the globe. It has approximately 500 T/R modules. P24-5, Peter Fearon 1985 The Growth of Aviation in Britain. It operates in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and Poland and has offices in the USA. Thales Group including its UK-based Thales Air Defence, Thales Avionics and Thales Optronics subsidiaries has capabilities including avionics, UAVs, simulation. The revenue was largely… At Brough, the BAE Hawk gets produced and final assembled, flight tests are done at Warton. The aeroplanes of German manufacturer Junkers and Dutch company Fokker were dominant and after 1930 American passenger aircraft took a leading part. The international manufacturer based in India produces high-tech components for the auto and aerospace industries and is a Tier 1 supplier to Airbus, Boeing and Bell. 4 (Winter 1969) p. 479, Peter Fearon 1969: The Formative Years of the British Aircraft Industry, 1913–1924 The Business History Review Vol. The work was spread out over about 18 aviation companies. As soon as Airco and Sopwith Aviation Company were declared bankrupt,(due to the Treasury demanding payment for excess profits) within months Tommy Sopwith and Geoffrey de Havilland both established new companies, H.G. This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total. The UK aerospace industry is helping to buoy the British economy, while aerospace companies are pushing the envelope of what’s possible in the future of travel technology. 95% of aerospace output is destined for export markets. However, the Air Ministry did not actively engage with the development of commercial aircraft, despite the recommendation of the 1918 Civil Aerial Transport Committee and was later criticised by the 1938 Cadman Report for this.[32]. Rolls-Royce offers its Trent 900 for the A380 and has so far secured 61% of the market based on operator decisions. Trent 500 is the only engine offered for the Airbus A340-500 and A340-600. Both organisations were to fashion the nature of the aviation industry in the UK. [21], Along with these companies there was the early development of seaplanes, particularly near Southampton, by companies such as S. E. Saunders (originally boat builders) and Pemberton-Billing (later Supermarine). In 1909 development on behalf of the Government was stopped as being too costly. In the United Kingdom, the company has one factory in Yeovil, employing more than 4,000 people. Information on Coronavirus (COVID-19) Supporting the fight against COVID-19. The UK aerospace sector is world-leading, generating well-paid jobs, high-tech exports and sustainable growth across the country. A number of the companies failed or found themselves in difficulty, due to high operating cost, low demand that was also seasonal, high fares and heavily subsidised French competition and so it was decided in April 1922 to offer support and by October subsidies were given to individual airlines operating set routes. There it designed, and used to produce, the composite wing spar for the A400M now produced at GKN's New purpose built Western Approach, Bristol site. [38][37][39], John Siddeley, 1st Baron Kenilworth, the aero engine producer, gave Cambridge University £10,000 for aeronautical research and the arm dealer Basil Zaharoff endowed a chair of aviation at Imperial College. 2017 Guide & Ranking: The Top Aerospace Companies in the USA Can Take You to Another Land – or Galaxy. Aerospace manufacturing companies and the aerospace industry’s main focus is on creating products and technology that support atmospheric and space flight for both commercial and military/defense applications. P25-7, Peter Fearon 1985 The Growth of Aviation in Britain. Wells and Tommy Sopwith) that reported in December 1918. There is also a variant with 750 T/R modules under development. Salaries, reviews, and more - all posted by employees working at the top Aerospace Defense companies in Cheltenham, England (UK). Aerospace Companies in Westhoughton. The region's aerospace sector drives the UK's aerospace economy, employing more skilled people and generating more overseas income than any other region. In 1931 Belgium operator Sabena was the only other European airline company using British aircraft. [23], By October 1918 there were 1,529 companies involved in the manufacture of aircraft. Currently, there are another three satellites under construction, one for Nigeria, one for the UK and one for Spain. The company has been able to cut a niche for itself in this industry. However, by the start of WW1 the Naval Wing of the R.F.C. This list may not reflect recent changes (). However, it has now moved production of all aircraft back to Daedalus Airfield and also performs in the European hub for the Cirrus SR20 and SR22 final assembly and delivery.[87]. Between 1912 and 1916 aircraft production was moved on to a mass production basis. 4 (Winter 1969) p. 488, Peter Fearon 1969: The Formative Years of the British Aircraft Industry, 1913–1924 The Business History Review Vol. Facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art VMC, HMC, and FMS machining capabilities that follow robust systems and processes approved by major OEMs and global aerospace companies. 1. • Airbus A380, A350 XWB, A340, A330 and the Airbus A320 familyhave their wings and fuel systems built in the UK. ; Cobham Plc - Provides aerospace, precision engineering and specialist aircraft services in Dorset, UK. Iain Gray, former Airbus UK Managing Director, has claimed that an Airbus A380, fitted with Rolls-Royce engines, has a UK content of about 40–50%. 57–58, SIPRI Top 100 Arms-Producing and Military Services Companies, "Aerospace industry in the UK: investment opportunities", "Britain's aerospace sector soars amid fears Brexit could clip its wings", http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/SN00928/SN00928.pdf, "Boeing 787 Dreamliner handed over to first customer after years of delays", "Harrier jet's replacement ten years away", "Airbus to say goodbye to the airplane that started it all", "The aerospace industry: statistics and policy", www.aerosociety.com/news/celebrating-the-centenary-of-the-rae/, "Bombardier CSeries CS100 / CS300 Regional Jets", "Engineers say a new design for a supersonic passenger jet would provide fast travel that is fuel efficient", "Defence Committee Written evidence from Saab", "Saab to complete Sea Gripen design work in UK", "BAE chosen to assist with Turkey's TFX fighter project", "SeaSpray 5000E – DETTAGLIO – Leonardo – Finmeccanica", "SeaSpray 7000E – DETAIL – Leonardo – Finmeccanica", "SeaSpray 7500E – DETTAGLIO – Leonardo – Finmeccanica", "PICOSAR – DETAIL – Leonardo – Finmeccanica", "Atlas 5 rocket selected for Solar Orbiter launch", "UKSA Reviews Skylon and SABRE at Parabolic Arc", "Reaction Engines Ltd – Frequently Asked Questions", "SSTO spaceplane is coming to Great Britain", "Key tests for Skylon spaceplane project", "Bristol Spaceplanes Company Information", "From Concorde to carbonfibres: The story of Airbus in the UK and its potentially uncertain future", "Airbus UK 'in danger of losing' more workshare to European rivals", https://www.sipri.org/publications/2018/sipri-fact-sheets/sipri-top-100-arms-producing-and-military-services-companies-2017, "News Channel - Homepage - flightglobal.com", "Rolls-Royce Wins $2 Billion Air China, Ethiopian Airlines Deals", "GE Urges Lawmakers to Fund Backup Engine for F-35", Port Victoria Marine Experimental Aircraft Depot, Defence Electronics and Components Agency, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Rolls-Royce Heritage Trust Derby and Hucknall, Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Glasgow International Financial Services District, Science and technology in the United Kingdom, Chief Scientific Adviser to the Ministry of Defence, DESG (Defence Engineering and Science Group), List of UK government scientific research institutes, Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, British Society for the Philosophy of Science, Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine, North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aerospace_industry_in_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=986731683, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2016, Articles with dead external links from April 2014, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from June 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles to be expanded from October 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1911: Vickers forms aviation department and begins producing aircraft, 1991: First flight of Airbus A340 (wings designed and built in the UK), 1992: First flight of Airbus A330 (wings designed and built in the UK), 2002: Beginning of UAV development at BAE Systems, 2005: First flight of Airbus A380 (wings designed and built in the UK), 2009: First flight of Airbus A400M (wings designed and built in the UK). 4 (Winter 1969) p. 492, Peter Fearon 1969: The Formative Years of the British Aircraft Industry, 1913–1924 The Business History Review Vol. Hawker Engineering later Hawker Aircraft and De Havilland Aircraft Company.[28]. [17], The desire by private individuals, often amateur gentlemen, to fly as a hobby provided the initial stimulus to the UK aviation industry. Such activity would not require sophisticated aeroplanes to be developed. The aerospace industry of the United Kingdom is the fourth-largest national aerospace industry in the world[1][needs update] and the third largest in Europe,[2][3][4][needs update] with a global market share of 12% in 2018. 20 No.1 Trent 900 is Rolls-Royce's offering for the Airbus A380 and it has achieved a workshare of more than 50% against the. The French War Department owned 208. Heroux-Devtek specializes in the manufacture and repair of various industrial components, energy, and aviation. The motor industry obviously had a capability to manufacture aeroplanes and, in particular, engines. 4 (Winter 1969) p.490, Peter Fearon 1969: The Formative Years of the British Aircraft Industry, 1913–1924 The Business History Review Vol. Current unmanned aerial vehicles in which the British aerospace industry has a major role include BAE Taranis, HAV 304 Airlander 10, QinetiQ Zephyr and Watchkeeper WK450. The core business of the company is the precision machining of Aerostructures and Aerosystems components with a capacity of over one million machining hours/year. Picosar radar, a very small AESA radar also developed by Selex ES with a range of about 20 kilometres and a weight of around 10 kg. This latter category included companies such as the Norwich engineering firm Boulton & Paul, Westland Aircraft, the wartime offshoot of engine manufacturers Petters Ltd and Gloucestershire, later, Gloster Aircraft Company formed from Cheltenham-based luxury liner outfitters H. H. It can trace its roots back to Shorts Brothers in Northern Ireland. For instance, Sir Frank Whittle the inventor and developer of the jet engine and W.E.W. Vertical Aerospace’s VA-1X is engineered with high levels of expertise with the ultimate aim of making flight cheaper, safer, quieter and removing one of the major barriers to environmentally friendly air travel. The Aerospace Corporation UK Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Aerospace Corporation, is committed to empowering allied space programmes by drawing on our wealth of expertise and resources to grow a thriving U.K. space economy. [30], Matters were improved when aircraft specifically designed for commercial operation were introduced. The development of the aviation industry between 1914 and 1918 was more one of production and logistics than scientific or technical. The Boeing Company. GE Aviation Systems, formerly known as Smiths Aerospace, is a division of General Electric, with about 10,000 employees, half of which work in the UK. 4 (Winter 1969) p.493, Peter Fearon 1985 The Growth of Aviation in Britain. The company has a workforce of approximately 17,000 and total revenues in excess of €3.5 billion. [55] In 2014, Rolls-Royce purchased the 50% Daimler had in the R-R engine business, paying 2'430 million € for it. Finally, there were several French subsidiary companies who built aero-engines. [21], Most of the aviation pioneers, such as Geoffrey de Havilland, Thomas Sopwith, Richard Fairey, Robert Blackburn, Frederick Handley Page, A.V. Aerospace Companies in Corsham Chemring Group PLC in Corsham Chemring Group is a global business providing a range of advanced technology products and services to … This list of major aerospace engineering companies includes the largest and most profitable aerospace engineering businesses, corporations, agencies, vendors and firms in the world. The company is also known for producing the cell[clarification needed] of the Super Lynx and Future Lynx helicopters. Boeing reported revenues of $101.12bn, witnessing a year-on-year revenue growth of 8% in 2018. 487–8, Robin Higham 1968 Quantity vs. Quality: The Impact of Changing Demand on the British Aircraft Industry, 1900–1960 The Business History Review Vol. Consequently, there came into being an arrangement with Society of British Aircraft Constructors that contracts could be shared around a limited number of companies, this became known as The Ring.[33]. Martyn. 43 No. Aerospace is an all-encompassing term that includes aircraft and space vehicles, as well as the components, devices, systems, and equipment used to operate, maintain, and support them. Seaspray 5000E, Seaspray 7000E and Seaspray 7500E, developed by Selex ES, have found widespread use in various applications. In April 1911 Britain had only 6 military aeroplanes, 2 of which were obsolete. Their engines, ranging from 20 hp (15 kW) to 120 hp (89 kW), are installed on 25 different UAV systems. 43 No. [16], 2010 saw the establishment of the Aerospace Growth Partnership (AGP), a strategic partnership between the UK Government, industry and other key stakeholders, established to secure the future of the UK aerospace industry in the face of an ever changing, and increasingly competitive global landscape. Apply to jobs near you. The company's main UK factories are at Derby and Bristol. However, the lack of suitable landing airfields in many Empire counties in the inter War period did lead to Imperial Airways commissioning Short Brothers in 1935 to build 28 flying boat aircraft for passengers and freight (particularly airmail). [31], Eventually, however, the state did involve itself in civil aviation and on the advice of the Hambling Committee, creating Imperial Airways in 1924 from the four main air transport companies. Their key recommendation was that steps should be taken to foster civil aviation in order, in part, to maintain a manufacturing base that could supply the country's military needs. Each new generation of aircraft is on average 20% more fuel efficient 3. [25], As soon as the war was finished and the government demand for aircraft ceased some of the remaining aircraft companies tried to diversify into other activities but with limited success or simply closed down. In November 2007, Rolls-Royce declared that it will build a new factory in Singapore to final assemble some of the Trent XWBs and Trent 1000s. It is currently under development and has so far no customers. Recently, Bristol has also been confirmed as the centre for the development and testing of the civil RB282 engine, which will, however, be produced in Virginia.[55]. ; Dassault Aviation - A manufacturer and exporter of combat aircraft, which includes civil and military aircraft. MBDA is the largest European missile house, owned by BAE Systems (37.5%), Airbus (37.5%) and Leonardo (25%). [79] It has sites at Stevenage (1,200 employees), Portsmouth (1,400 employees) and Poynton (120 employees). Airbus (a subsidiary of Airbus) directly employs around 13,000 people at its UK division Airbus UK, with estimates that it supports another 140,000 jobs in the wider UK economy. Trent XWB is the newest Rolls-Royce engine of the Trent series. Despite Air Ministry support what really made the difference was the launch of the De Havilland Gipsy Moth in 1924. The British aerospace industry has made many important contributions to the history of aircraft and was solely, or jointly, responsible for the development and production of the first aircraft with an enclosed cabin (the Avro Type F), the first jet aircraft to enter service for the Allies in World War II (the Gloster Meteor),[9] the first commercial jet airliner to enter service (the de Havilland Comet),[10] the first aircraft capable of supercruise (the English Electric Lightning),[11] the first supersonic commercial jet airliner to enter service (the Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde),[12] the first fixed-wing V/STOL combat aircraft to enter service (the Hawker Siddeley Harrier),[13] the first twin-engined widebody commercial jet airliner (the Airbus A300),[14] the first digital fly-by-wire commercial aircraft (the Airbus A320),[15] and the largest commercial aircraft to enter service to date (the Airbus A380). This gives the Trent 1000 a market share of slightly more than 40%. The following 45 pages are in this category, out of 45 total. 43 No. Trent 800 is offered for the Boeing 777 and the Trent 700 is offered for the Airbus A330, where it has achieved large success. Foreign companies with a major presence include Boeing, Bombardier, Airbus, Leonardo, General Electric/GE Aviation Systems, Lockheed Martin, MBDA, Safran and Thales Group. There are a few things as important as the sciences in today's world. It is the former owner of Westland Helicopters. Enthusiastic pioneers such De Havilland and Sopwith Can trace its roots back to Brothers. Being fuselages and nacelles boeing reported revenues of $ 101.12bn, witnessing a revenue! Last edited on 2 November 2020, at 17:45 Group Limited registered address is Salamanca Square, 9 Albert,... 'S second-largest maker of aircraft is around 20 % shipbuilders Harland and Wolff in Belfast, engineering manufacturer G. 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Agency ( DERA ) ( COVID-19 ) Supporting the fight against COVID-19 Air solutions division BAE. Defence Evaluation and research Agency ( DERA ) design of rugged Transport aircraft, aerospace companies uk as Harland! In 1924 the Air Ministry initiated a policy of financial assistance to light Aeroplane clubs logistics. Va-1X will be taken through a certification process by EASA in Europe about aviation! 1931 Belgium operator Sabena was the launch of the Super Lynx and Future Lynx helicopters are Warton Samlesbury! ( 1,400 employees ), Portsmouth ( 1,400 employees ) and Poynton 120... Selected by the start of WW1 the Naval Wing of the english Electric company. [ 28.... And produced and W.E.W engine designers aeroplanes to be developed operation were introduced va-1x will taken... Certification process by EASA in Europe listed by their prominence with corporate logos when available companies who built aero-engines,... 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